Isang Filipino-Norwegian conglomerate ay magi-explore at magmimina ng Deuterium gas deposits sa Surigao

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Isang Filipino-Norwegian conglomerate na bumuo ng isang exploration at kumpanya ng pagmimina, Siargao Island Mining Development Corporation ay nagpahiwatig na ng pagnanais na ma-explore at mamina ang malalaking Deuterium gas deposits sa Siargao Island na magba-base sa baybaying bayan ng Pilar.

Ang conglomerate ay nag-apply ng 1,500 kilometrong lapad, haba at lalim na area concession mula sa Pilar, Surigao del Norte sa Isla ng Siargao sa gayon, ang exploration ay aabot ng mainland Surigao”, sabi ni Matugas na Chairman ng House Committee on Environment, sa mga peryodistang dumalo sa press conference.

Sa isang press conference na ginanap sa Provincial Capito dito. First District Surigao del Norte Representative Francisco Matugas at gobernador ng Surigao del Norte, Si Matugas ay nagsabing ang conglomerate ay nag-apply na para sa land survey, exploration permit sa Bureau of Mines and Geo-Sciences.

“Sa pagsuri pa lang ng lupain, mga preparasyon at explorations, umaasa tayong daan-daang Surigaonans ang mabibigyan ng trabaho ng conglomerate”, sabi ng Surigao del Norte solon.

Sabi ni Matugas na noon ay nagkaroon ng pagpupulong sa pagitan niya, ng gobernador at mga opisyal ng conglomerate at ng Philippine government’s Bureau of Mines.

Ang Deuterium gas na kilala rin bilang “heavy hydrogen” ay mas mabigat at matatag na isotope ng ordinaryong hydrogen ay kilala sa mundo bilang “fuel of the future”.

Ito ay walang kulay, walang amoy, non-toxic, diatomic, flammable gas. Ang Deuterium gas ay ginagamit sa nuclear power, fusion power, deuterated optical fiers, deuterated lubricants, lasers, mga bumbilya, R&D laboratories at aneeling semiconductor rim.

Ang Pilipinas ay natukoy na may pinakamataas na Deuterium deposits sa buong mundo sa lugar na kilala bilang Mindanao trench, ang bahagi ng Pacific Ocean malapit sa baybayin ng isla ng Siargao.

Ang Deuterium na kilala rin sa tawag na “White Gold of the Philippines” ay marami sa lugar na kilala sa buong mundo na The Philippine Deep na matatagpuan sa Surigao.

Ito ang pagsasalarawan ni Doktor Anthony B. Halog , ang Pilipinong siyentipiko na nagtatrabaho sa Sustainable Technology Office sa the Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology at sa National Research Council ng Canada sa kayamanang deuterium ng Pilipinas.

“Isang malaking deposito ng 868 milyang haba, 53 milya sa pinakamalapad na bahagi at 3 milya sa pinakamalalim na punto, pinapalitan ng kalikasan 24 na oras sa isang oras pagkatapos na ang deuterium ay maglakbay ng higit pa sa 12,000 kilometro mula sa Central Amerika hanggang Pilipinas sa pamamagitan ng Pacific Ocean kapag ang planetang Earth ay umikot sa axis nito mula kanluran patungong Silangan sa isang walang katapusang perpetwal na mosyon.

Sabi ni Dr. Halog na sa ganitong existence may pang-ekonomiyang potensyal ito na 12 milyong bariless isang araw na may presyohang 7 dolyar kada bariles, ito’y 84 milyon kada araw o 30.66 bilyon sa isang taon, sapat na upang mabayaran ang anumang utang ng Pilipinas sa mga dayuhan sa loob ng isang taon, revenue wise in foreign exchange.

Sabi ni Dr. Halog na kapag ang Deuterium exploration at extraction ay naging matagumpay, inaasahan na ang gawaing pampubliko, mga pribadong constructions, ang ekonomiya at financial booms ay mangyayari sa Pilipinas katulad rin ng nangyari sa Middle east at sa mga financial centers sa mundo noong 1974 hanggang 1984, na ang lahat ay kumikita ng sapat habang ang presyuhan ng mga produkto sa merkado ay tama lamang at kayang bilhin.

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“Deuterium sa Pilipinas: Ang Sagot sa Kahirapan!”

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Mahigit dalawampung taon na ang nakararaan, isang Doktora Nona Calo mula sa lungsod ng Butuan sa Mindanao ay nagpalagay na merong napakalaking deposito ng “deuterium” na matatagpuan sa dagat ng Pilipinas, sa may karagatan ng Surigao. Unang natuklasan ito at pinag-aralan noong 1932 ng isang Amerikanong Chemist na si Harold Urey, ang deuterium o “heavy water” ay magkasanib na dalawang isotopes ng hydrogen at oxygen atom na may chemical formula ng D20 o H30. Kapag mas marami ang hydrogen molecules kaysa ordinaryong tubig, ito’y mas mabigat kaysa tubig at maging sa tubig alat kaya ito ay natural na bumababa sa kailaliman ng dagat.

Ayon kay Anthony B. Halog (PhD, MBA), na nagtatrabaho sa Sustainable Technology Office ng Institute for Chemical Process and Environmental Technology, National Research Council sa Ottawa, Canada, “Ang Philippine trench, ang pinakamalaki sa buong mundo ay may 868 milya ang haba, 52 milya ang luwag sa pinakamalapad na bahagi at 2 milya ang lalim sa pinakamalalim na bahagi kung saan ito ay 10.057 kilometro below sea level. Ang Deuterium ay makukuha mula sa lalim na ito na mahigit 7 kilometro below sea level sa ilalim ng 10,000 psi of ocean pressure, na pinapalitan ng kalikasan sa loob ng 24 oras sa isang araw mula sa Central America patawid sa malawak na Pacific Ocean. Ang kamangha-manghang bagay tungkol sa deuterium ay ito; na kung nasa room temperature o normal atmospheric pressure, ang deuterium atoms ay nae-electrolyzed na natural mula sa tubig na naglalabas ng hydrogen gas. Ang natural na napakapambihirang prosesong ito ay hindi nangangailangan ng magastos na electric power consuming electrolysis para artipisyal na maihiwalay ang hydrogen mula sa oxygen sa ordinaryong tubig . Sa kasalukuyan, ang deuterium ay ginagamit sa produksyon ng hydrogen (Li-Hy) fuel na ginagamit na ngayon sa Canada, Amerika, Alemanya at sa iba pang mga parte ng Sweden upang magbigay ng fuel para sa mga kotse, trak, jet planes, kasama na ang solid hydrogen para sa mga spacecrafts Challenger at Columbia”.

Bagama’t ang pagmimina ng deuterium ay hindi pa nagagawa, kahit ng mga highy developed first world countries at ang posibleng halaga nito ay lubhang nakakalula, ang pagsasaliksik sa oportunidad na ito ay worth it pa rin na paglaanan. Ang programang ito ay maaaring maglunsad sa Pilipinas bilang pinakamalaking hydrogen fuel (Li-Hy) producer sa mundo, at maging tanging fuel producer sa loob ng 40 hanggang 50 taon mula ngayon sa isang ekonomiyang mundong naubusan na ng langis. Gamit ang expertise ng Philippine National Oil Corporation (PNOC) sa pamamagitan ng isa nitong departamento na nakatuon sa indigenous at non-traditional sources, ang gobyerno ay maaaring magproyekto ng deuterium research program at hydrogen (Li-Hy) production project ng may kaluwagan kung project organization at administration ang pag-uusapan.

Hindi porke’t hindi pa ito nagagawa dati, hindi ibig sabihin na hindi na ito makakayang gawin. Ang pagmimina ng Deuterium ay tulad lang ng praktikal na pag-pump ng tubig mula sa ilalim ng dagat. Ang pangkasalukuyang teknolohiya sa offshore na produksyon ng langis ay hanggang sa lalim na 6.4 kilometro lamang mula sa sea level, at kailangan pa nilang humukay sa ilalim ng dagat para marating ang langis, daan-daang metro below sea floor. Ang Deuterium na elementong pakay, ay nasa lokasyon sa pagitan ng 7 hanggang 10 kilometro mula sa ibabaw ng dagat at hindi na nangangailangan ng karagdagan pang paghuhukay. At dahil ang deuterium ay natural na nage-electrolyze kapag ang 10,000 psi ocean pressure ay dahan-dahang inalis sa pamamagitan ng pumping process at pinalitan ng lower atmospheric pressure, ang dalawang upper pipes ay kokolekta ng hiniwalay na by-products ng deuterium na purong tubig at gas na hydrogen. Ang pipeline nito mismo ay magsisilbing refinery ng deuterium para makagawa ng hydrogen. Ang pagmimina ng langis ay maaaring mas matrabaho, mas mahal at mas mapanganib kumpara sa pagmimina ng deuterium, at ang pagpupuro ng langis ay mas mahal kaysa sa prosesong sangkot sa deuterium at LiHy production. Kung sa expertise ang pag-uusapan, napatunayan na ng mga Pilipinong inhinyero at mga technicians sa PNOC ang kanilang kahusayan at nag-export pa ng kanilang kakayanan sa Japan sa paggawa ng geothermal plants, kung saan ang instalasyon nito ay may kumplikado at mapanganib kung ikukumpara.

Ang tidal conditions sa kahabaan ng Philippine Trench ay kailangang isama sa pagsasaliksik at pag-aaral buong isang taon. Ang Petroleum production sa North Sea, na matatagpuan sa pagitan ng Isla ng Britanya at Norway, ay patuloy lang ng walang hinto sa kabila ng perennial disturbances sa tubig at marahas na climactic condition sa lugar mula sa mayelong lamig at ordinaryong malamig na temperatura. Ang Pacific climate at condition ay katamtaman kung may pagkukumpara. Ang bilang ng mga oil rigs sa North Sea ay mga 170 hanggang sa 200 milya mula sa pinakamalapit na daungan, kumpara sa posibleng site sa Philippine trench na 100 milya lamang mula sa Lungsod ng Surigao at 120 miya mula sa Lungsod ng Tacloban. Kung ang mga trabahador sa North Sea oil rigs ay kailangang magtrabaho ng tig-kalahating oras ng trabaho (dalawang linggong trabaho; dalwang linggong pahinga) sa buong taon dahil sa extreme at mapanganib na kundisyon ng pagtra-trabaho sa lugar, ang pagta-trabaho sa deuterium rigs sa Pacific ay parang nagbabakasyon lang sa isang isla ng Hawaii.

Ang mga Oil rig platform manufacturers sa Singapore ay maaaring magbuo ng mga espesyal na disenyong platforms sa halagang $100-150 milyong dolyar o humigit-kumulang ay P5-7.5 bilyong piso. Sa total cost na P10 bilyong piso para sa research at paggawa ng single floating deuterium rig na may average na kapasidad na produksyon na 50,000 barrels isang araw, ang gobyerno ay makaasa ng konserbatibong arawang kita na 4 milyong dolyar o 1.28 milyong dolyar kada taon o 54 bilyong piso annually. Kung ang gobyerno ay ay gagawa ng isang deuterium rig taon-taon, kumikita ng 1.28 milyong dolya, ang utang sa World Bank ay mababayaran sa loob ng hindi hihigit sa 15 taon. Ang budget para rito ay kaya naman ng gobyerno natin. Kung kinaya ng gobyerno ang 40 bilyong piso ng Pangulo na pork barrel noong 2006 para sa iba’t-ibang programa para maiangat ang kalagayan ng mga mahihirap, kaya ng gobyerno natin na magtayo ng isang deuterium rig taon-taon na may isang daang balik na kita.

Ayon sa estimates, meron lamang 1,000 bilyong barrels ng reserve petroleum na natitira sa mundo ngayon. Dahil sa gumagamit ng 28.6 bilyong bariles ng langis kada taon, lahat ng mga nakareserbang langis ay maauubos 35 taon mula ngayon. Ang mga pangangailangang enerhiya ng mundo sa gayon ay malilipat sa natural gas na mayroon tayong 3,457 trilyong cubic feet na reserba. Pero ang partikular na source na ito ay maaari ring maubos. Ang Hydrogen na may masagana at unlimited source sa deuterium ang siyang magiging reserbang enerhiya sa hinaharap. Kung magagamit lamang ng Pilipinas ang energy source na ito, maaari tayong magkaroon ng mas magandang kinabukasan at ekonomiya higit sa lahat sa mundo, kasama na ang United States of America. Kung tayo, bilang isang nasyon, ay maabot ang puntong ito sa ksaysayan, ang Pilipinas kung gayon ay maaaring isalarawan bilang ang alamat na lupang pangako….lupang inaapawan ng gatas at pulot pukyutan.

Ang Estados Unidos ay minsang nangarap na magpadala ng tao sa buwan. Ngayon ito’y bahagi na ng kasaysayan. Ang ginawa niya para masundan ang pangarap na iyon ang nagbigay sa kanya ng katanyagan bilang pinaka-technologically advanced at economically prosperous nation. Maaari itong mangyari sa Pilipinas.

7.2 Earthquakes in the Philippines

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Manila, Philippines (tenth Update) – A shallow extent 7.2 tremor struck Central Visayas Tuesday, October 15, killing no less than 20 individuals in Cebu and harming property – incorporating notable structures – over the area.

The shudder struck at 8:12 am, and was focused 2 kilometers southeast of Carmen, Bohol (09.80°n, 124.20°e). The shake’s profundity of center was 33 kilometers, and was of tectonic starting point, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) said in its beginning report.

No less than 20 individuals bit the dust in the shake, the National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Council (NDRRMC) said in its public interview twelve Tuesday. Fifteen were accounted for from Cebu; 4 in Bohol; and one in Siquijor.

Four individuals were affirmed dead at a fish market that caved in Cebu City, the nearby government said. An alternate individual was slaughtered in an adjacent market, while one youngster was murdered in a charge as individuals panicked to leave a building, Cebu representative Hilario Davide told ABS CBN news.

No less than 33 individuals were harmed, the Ndrrmc said. Nineteen were accounted for harmed in Mandaue City, 6 in Toledo City, nad 8 in Pinamungajan in Cebu.

The shudder was felt over the Visayas and Mindanao. Individuals the extent that Zamboanga and Davao urban areas showed up for have felt it.

Phivolcs said the accompanying intensities were felt:

Force Vii – Tagbilaran, Bohol

Force Vi – Hinigaran, Negros Occidental

Force V- Iloilo City; La Carlota

Force IV – Masbate City; Roxas City; San Jose, Culasi, Antique; Guihulngan, Negros Oriental

Force III – Davao City

Beginning information discharged by the Usgs said there were two tremors, both focused in Bohol. The office right away adjusted the readings.

The shake was accompanied by 110 repercussions, Phivolcs executive Renato Solidum said in a question and answer session at the Ndrrmc.

Solidum said more harm could be normal in the regions closest to the shake’s epicenter, explicitly in Bohol and Cebu.

Usgs issued a yellow cautioning, after the tremor truism “a few losses and harm are conceivable and the effect ought to be moderately restricted. Past yellow alarms have needed a neighborhood or territorial level reaction.”

The tremor was accompanied by two consequential convulsions, each one measuring more than 5.0 in greatness.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center did not issue an extensive torrent danger.

Structures harmed

Patients streamed out of one of Cebu’s major doctor’s facilities, which was harmed. Neighborhood media reported one story of the building burst into flames.

In the quick result of the tremor, powers were battling to arrive at or contact harmed ranges, with force lines and also telephone organizes down, and an acceptable picture of the debacle had yet to rise.

Neil Sanchez, leader of the Cebu fiasco administration office said powers were attempting to affirm reports that a school had crumpled, with an undetermined number of kids trapped.

“Correspondence lines are truly troublesome here. Indeed, the calamity hazard lessening administration office has been harmed. We needed to move somewhere else,” Sanchez told ABS-CBN TV.

In social media, Rappler appropriated various pictures of harmed structures and buildings.

Manila, Philippines – About 168,300 private structures may be intensely harmed and 339,800 somewhat harmed if a size 7.2 quake from the West Valley Fault hits the nation, the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) cautioned last July 3, 2003.

In an address arranged by the New Zealand government office in Makati, Phivolcs boss Renato Solidum Jr. additionally said government researchers have anticipated that the issue, from which a compelling shake can radiate, “is ready for an alternate major development.”

The West Valley Fault, or the Marikina issue line, begins from the Sierra Madre and goes through Bulacan; Rodriguez, Rizal; Quezon City; the eastern side of Metro Manila incorporating Pasig and Taguig; Muntinlupa; San Pedro and Sta. Rosa in Laguna; and closes in Carmona, Cavite.

Solidum said that under this situation, eight to ten percent of open structures might maintain overwhelming harm while 20 to 25 percent may be mostly harmed.

A greatness 7.2 shake can additionally leave 33,500 individuals dead and 113,600 harmed, and the temblor can influence life savers like water pipes, power, scaffolds and correspondence offices.

“We don’t need this situation to happen; we need to do something so it won’t happen,” Solidum said.

“We have to have proper land utilization. We must be not kidding towards development of edifices. We need to execute the Building Code strictly,” he added.he focused on the need to strictly infringe the regulations on edifices and structures to minimize the effect of seismic tremors, noting that frail structures are susceptible to seismic tremor identified perils, for example ground shaking and liquefaction.

Solidum additionally distinguished six major procedures to diminish the effect of tremors in the Greater Metro Manila zone.

These are improving the legitimate system and institutional limit for viable catastrophe administration framework; building limit for alleviation and recuperation; reinforcing neighborhood readiness for calamity in light of the fact that groups ought not be excessively subject to the legislature; fortifying building and structures, incorporating power and water offices; upgrading national government imperviousness to quakes; and pushing research and engineering improvement for tremor sway decrease measures.

“Seismic tremor readiness ought to be every living soul’s business,” Solidum said.

As far as concerns him, Rob Johnston, general chief for business improvement of New Zealand’s Geological and Nuclear Sciences, said the Philippines may as well think about advancing an arrangement to retrofit edifices that neglect to meet benchmarks.

The legislature, he included, might as well additionally recognize assets that have to be working after a seismic tremor like clinics, debacle administration focuses, ways, show media, fire and emergency vehicle stations, and telecommunication offices.

He additionally refered to the vitality of checking on the designing plans of edifices and ways to verify assuming that they are strong to calamities.

“Do it now. When the seismic tremor strikes, it is past the point of no return,” he noted.

New Zealand has encountered solid shudders, incorporating the 2011 Christchurch quake that left shut 200 individuals dead and damaged about 100,000 buildings.

“Nation will go to war against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be famines and earthquakes in many parts of the world.” (Matthew 24:7)

Genetically Modified CORN: A New “Image” to the Filipino Staple Food

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Philippines- Local groups in Central Visayas were alarmed that the white corn, a basic bite for Filipinos is now cross-bred with the common corn harvest thereby producing Bt Corn. This was due to the fact that the Philippine government would have wanted to address the complication related to starvation through the use of GMOs. Unfortunately, this food phenomenon was already approved by the Department of Agriculture in the Philippines.

Moreover, an agriculture and food assembly hosted in Cebu City by the Bureau of Plant and Industry and GMO advocates focused on the benefits of genetically modified products. Furthermore, the symposium was graced by attendees from Negros Island Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development Foundation, the Institute for Strategic Research and Development Studies of the Visayas State University, Bohol Initiators for Sustainable Agriculture and Development, Inc., the Muslim Mindanao Halal Certification Board, Inc., Greenpeace Southeast Asia, the Social Action Center, the Diocese of Marbel, South Cotabato and Pagtambayoyong Foundation.

Apparently, Bohol croppers voiced out their apprehensions about soil spoliation caused by the Bt corn, because it contains a biocide as a component. On contrary, this type of product has been banned in other political territories due to its adverse effects.

A well-documented study demonstrated that the detrimental impacts of the Bt corn GMO on the environment include evolution of advanced weeds tolerant to weedkillers and pests that could withstand its toxoids. Additionally, once a GMO crop is planted in an open field, its capability to hybridize with other natural growing crops cannot be restrained even by men or machines.  As of the moment, there is no available monitoring device to keep a register of cross-contamination in planted crops.

On one hand, the Greenpeace, a non-governmental global organization which works for the care of endangered flora and fauna, cited a document by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization; revealed that there is 5.4% increase in the number of starving Filipinos compared to the last 10 years.  In comparison to Thailand, wherein they utilized strict agrarian reforms, the total number of its famished citizens nose-dived to 79.8%