Obsessive-compulsive disorder also known as the secret illness causes people to have obsessions and repetitive behaviors, which are known as compulsions. People with OCD follow routines of behavior. However, it is interesting to note that these people know what their obsessions and compulsions are.
Presently, studies show that causes of OCD are still on a hunt. There are doctors who claim that OCD is a psychological problem caused by events also known as traumatic in the patient’s early childhood stage. School can also be a factor, which can push students to develop complicated rational patterns as perceived among those people with above average intelligence.
On the other hand, some researchers claim that symptoms associated with OCD are caused by abnormalities of serotonin, a chemical in the brain, which is also responsible for its communicative processes.
Also, advanced brain studies showed that people with OCD showed different levels of neural activity than those without the disorder.
Symptoms may include:
Repeated hand washing
Rearranging things rigidly
Unusual counting systems
Obsession with numbers
Continuous worry about specific activities without the use of specific items
For example: Client finds it hard to sleep without a specific blanket
As of the moment, there is no definite treatment for the disorder. However, professionals often help people to overcome the disease by proper behavioral conditioning and cognitive therapy. Therapists assist the patients by providing them ways on how to address their fears. In behavioral therapy, patients are guided to face the situations that cause their anxiety. Moreover, when it comes to pharmacological treatment, medications for depression and other drugs that can specifically handle abnormal levels of serotonin are prescribed.