The 18th century gave rise to Albert Pike as one of the most powerful masons in the history. In 1781, Pike authored a Masonic handbook entitled Morals and Dogma of the Ancient and Accepted Rite of Freemasonry in which he started to revise his freemasonic ideals as a request from his American counterparts.
Apparently, the Knights of the Golden Circle also known as the KGC established a territorial golden circle in between Central America, Caribbean, Southern States and Mexico in which they officially authorize to sanction bondage. Pike was also a member of KGC and created a number of groups from it, one of which is KKK or the Ku Klux Klan. As the Grand Commander of the Freemasons in Scotland, Pike made himself the presiding judge of the KKK. Moreover, this was carried out in Pike’s statue at the Judiciary Square in Washington, D.C. This we can see that the man is responsible for firing up racial discrimination that became one of the issues during the American Civil War.